Stroop task

Definition: The Stroop task is a cognitive task in which a (physical) property of a stimulus can be congruent or incongruent with the stimulus’ meaning or function. In one of its most common versions, the color in which a word is written may be the same as the meaning of the word (the word “blue” written in blue font) for the congruent condition and different from it (“blue” written in red font) in the incongruent condition. Participants’ performance on incongruent stimuli is usually poorer (i.e., more often incorrect) and/or slower than in the congruent trials because of the interference that ensues between the meaning/function and the physical property of a stimulus. The task is named after John Ridley Stroop.Definition: The Stroop task is a cognitive task in which a (physical) property of a stimulus can be congruent or incongruent with the stimulus’ meaning or function. In one of its most common versions, the color in which a word is written may be the same as the meaning of the word (the word “blue” written in blue font) for the congruent condition and different from it (“blue” written in red font) in the incongruent condition. Participants’ performance on incongruent stimuli is usually poorer (i.e., more often incorrect) and/or slower than in the congruent trials because of the interference that ensues between the meaning/function and the physical property of a stimulus. The task is named after John Ridley Stroop.

Alternative definition:

Synonym:

References: https://doi.org/10.1037/10870-002

Related terms:  

Related Posts