Reverse Inference

Definition: Reverse inference is a method of drawing conclusions about cognitive processes from an observed brain activation. An example of reverse inference would be claiming ‘brain area X is active, therefore these participants are engaged in cognitive process Y’. One should be cautious drawing such a conclusion as a brain region can be responsible for multiple processes. Definition: Reverse inference is a method of drawing conclusions about cognitive processes from an observed brain activation. An example of reverse inference would be claiming ‘brain area X is active, therefore these participants are engaged in cognitive process Y’. One should be cautious drawing such a conclusion as a brain region can be responsible for multiple processes.

Alternative definition: 

Synonym: Abductive reasoning

References: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2005.12.004

Related terms: Forward inference

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