Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser

Definition: A Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser (VCSEL) is a light-emitting, laser-based component that provides high wavelength stability with a very stable, short cavity. VCSEL of 3 or 4” wafers have less than a 2 nm standard deviation for cavity wavelength. A VCSEL operates in a single longitudinal mode, which avoids signal distortions due to mode beatings. It has low power consumption, and the circular output beam allows simpler optics than side-emitting lasers. Its temperature sensitivity of wavelengths is ~5 times less sensitive to temperature variations than edge emitters. Over a 20°C change in temperature causes the emission wavelength to vary less than 1,4 nm (edge emitters = ~7 nm).

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Related terms: source, multi-wavelength, emitter, laser

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